Legal services for the legalization of foreign court decisions
Our lawyers accompany foreign clients in applying to the Economic Court of Belarus to make the decision of the foreign court against the Belarusian debtor (on debt collection, etc.) enforceable. Only on the basis of the recognized decision the recoverer may apply for foreclosure of the debtor’s property for the purpose of debt recovery
The legal effect of foreign decisions in Belarus is based on international treaties or on the principle of reciprocity. Belarus is a party to bilateral treaties on legal assistance with Hungary, the Czech Republic, Cuba, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, the People’ s Republic of China, Vietnam, Iran, Bulgaria, Syria, Italy, Turkey and Serbia. These documents define the basic principles and procedure for recognition of court decisions of the aforementioned countries on collection of debts from non-residents.
Court decisions in the CIS countries* are enforced on the basis of the Kiev Agreement on the Procedure for Resolution of Disputes Related to Business Activities.
Decisions of the courts of those states with which Belarus does not have contractual relations are recognized and enforced in the Republic of Belarus on the basis of the principle of reciprocity, i.e. on the basis of the procedural presumption.
1. Apply to the Economic Court in Belarus. The applicant shall apply to the Economic Court at the legal address of the debtor or at the location of his property. The application to the Economic Court shall be made in a written form. The following shall be attached to the application:
Each of the documents drawn up in a foreign language is subject to mandatory translation into Russian or Belarusian. A state duty in the amount of 10 base values is paid for consideration of the application (the amount of the base value as of November 28, 2017 is 23.00 Belarusian rubles).
2. The consideration of the application by the Economic Court and entry of judgment. When considering the application, the Belarusian court does not consider the decision of the foreign court on the merits, but only verifies the absence of formal signs for refusal to recognize and enforce the decision of the foreign court.
The application is considered within one month.
Following the results of consideration of the application, the Economic Court either satisfies the request for recognition of the foreign decision, or refuses to satisfy it on the following grounds:
3. Compulsory enforcement of a foreign court decision. If a Belarusian company does not voluntarily enforce the court’s decision, the recoverer has the right to apply to the enforcement authorities at the location of the debtor with a request to initiate enforcement proceedings. The application may be submitted in a written form or in the form of an electronic document.
The enforcement authority initiates enforcement proceedings within three days of receipt of the documents. After that, the debtor is granted a seven-day period for voluntary repayment of the debt. If this does not happen, the bailiff proceeds to the compulsory collection of funds.
* Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine
Will give you advice
The Leshchinsky Smolsky Legal Office is recommended by the international legal directory IFLR1000 as the leading law practice in Belarus in the field of financial transactions
Danila Smolski and Pavel Leshchynski act as legal advisers to the World Bank Group as part of the preparation of a global report on doing business in the world Doing Business
Legal Office "Leshchynski Smolski" provides legal support to the Embassy of Germany in the Republic of Belarus regarding registration of relations with national companies
LSL is listed in the International Directory of IP law firms and individual patent and trademark attorneys from the country of Belarus
Do you have a similar question?